Departure : 8:30 a.m.
Duration : All day
Location : Cusco
Season : All year round.
The Southern area of the valley of Cusco played a very important part in the development of the great Incan State. This started with the emigration of its population towards the South (Peruvian high plateaus) which made possible the occupation of the valley. The first known inhabitants were the Marcavalles who are considered as the oldest human civilization in the valley (1000 years B.C.). They occupied the area of the same name, while the Omas inhabited what is now the District of San Jeronimo and the Wari – Chankas made great progress in irrigation work and urban planning, as well as in agricultural and contention benched terrace building. These architectural works can be appreciated in two archaeological sites.
Tipón has a great range of benched terraces and irrigation canals, which shows that this was a place destined to agricultural research and crop growing.
Pikillacta is quite amazing for its straight roads, two-story buildings, as well as for its ten-meter-high walls. These remains tell us a lot about the ancient pre-Incan cultures.
Art is also outstanding in the South Valley. This is how, in Andahuaylillas, we´ll discover a beautiful little church built in colonial times, which houses wonderful paintings and precious portraits. In fact, its inside is completely painted with different religious images. This is why it was called “America´s Sistine Chapel”. (Link paquete Andahaylillas)
This name comes from the Quechua word “T’impuy” which means “Where the Water Boils”, due to the number of underground springs that exist there. Therefore, the word Tipón is not pronounced correctly. This archaeological complex is located in the valley of the same name, in the Community of Choquepata, District of Oropesa, Province of Quispicanchis, Department of Cusco.
Scientists suggest that this archaeological area was built during the final period of the government of Yawar Wakaq and that its construction was completed during the reign of Wiracocha. But, looking at its arquitectural style and the characteristics of its constructions, many are more inclined towards the period of Pachakuteq.
In Quechua, “Piki” means flea and “Llaqta”, city or town. Although this name doesn’t explain the presence of parasites, this place was called like that because of the amount of people that lived there. It is located on the banks of the Huatanay River, in the area of the Muyna Lagoon, better known as Huacarpay.
Pikillacta is surrounded by walls of more than 10 m. high and 1.20 m. thick, which are built in stone and clay. In Incan times, Pikillacta was used as a checkpoint before getting into the Collasuyo.